Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. So much has been written about the importance of water. • River Volta: 3) They collect and store excess water, hence minimizing the occurrence of flood. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. Surface drainage assists with the regulated […] Ghana’s water resources potential is divided into surface and groundwater sources. Ghana lies within latitude 4. o Therefore the Careful consideration of the soil-type specific to your building site will help to ensure the stability of your foundation and integrity of your house for years to come. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. Ghana is drained by a large number of streams and rivers. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. The Densu River Basin, location of the important urban centers of Koforidua and Nsawam in … Without a proper drainage system, a basement is more likely to flood which can cause water damage to the surrounding area. Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares 2,093 km of land borders with the three French-speaking nations of Burkina Faso (548 km) to the north, Côte d'Ivoire (668 km) to the west, and Togo (877 km) to the east. However, that phrase is probably one of the most powerfully true messages the whole creation bears witness to. Drainage Features • River Volta : It is the largest and longest river in Ghana. The Volta has been dammed at Akosombo, in the south, as … 4.1).The Volta Delta lies within the Keta Basin, which is one of several fault-controlled sedimentary basins in West Africa (Appeaning Addo et al. The importance of sanitation goes beyond health. The river with its tributaries cover about 67% of the total land area of Ghana. Although considered by gardeners and farmers as beneficial, a drainage system has some disadvantages too. Poorly drained stormwater forms stagnant pools that provide breed-ing sites for disease vectors. Drainage patterns. 4) Water bodies provide home or habitat for aquatic plants and animals. When it rains, water falls on all surfaces, not just in the waterways. 2018). All major rivers in Ghana flow into the Gulf of Guinea. 1) They provide drinking water for humans and animals. There are about thirty (30) villages near the lake with a combined population of about 70,000 people. WasteAid UK Associate David Lerpiniere discusses the importance of linking waste management with flood prevention. The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. relief features are those features which are related to landscape of those areas, eg. Ghana has lost some of its best brains that could have transform our economy to the world as a result of low motivation and better returns in the diaspora. Internal trade is mostly in agricultural products. return elsewhere. Drainage refers to the distribution of water bodies in an area. The Volta system is made up of the Red, Black and White Volta Rivers as … If the surface drainage is below par, it will have a dangerous impact on the subsurface drainage. Eg. • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. 1.1. It is located near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region. Today, the United States remains a major trading partner with Ghana, and the two countries often collaborate on various international issues (USAID 2012). Habitats. However, certain general features are discernible throughout the country. Ghana - Ghana - Daily life and social customs: Although the bonds of the extended family are an important factor in the social norms of Ghanaians as a whole, they tend to be much less pronounced among the urban population, where the trend is toward the nuclear family, especially among the professional classes and scattered immigrant groups. 1) They provide drinking water for humans and animals. Introduction ♦ Overview of Urban Drainage Design ♦ Overview of Storm Drain Design 2. The focus presentation is on the review of major drainage management issues in Ghana, and the way forward. They are rivers, lakes, ponds, lagoons, dams, the sea and wetlands. An explosion at a petrol station, caused by the flooding, killed a further 150. The sea to the South of Ghana is called Gulf of Guinea. 2018) (Fig. Ghana is a country in West Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator. Per the lie of channels, drainage systems can fall into one of several categories, known as drainage patterns.These depend on the topography and geology of the land.. All forms of transitions can occur between parallel, dendritic, and trellis patterns. 7. Besides, the finance of the govt, also, to the large extent, depends upon the prosperity of agricultural sector. Knowledge of soil survey is relevant to agricultural development. If, as we learn from geography, the earth is 2/3 water, and science says the human body is 70% water, then it goes without saying that no life can be sustained without water. Located in south-eastern Ghana between Longitudes 0° 40′ E and 1° 10′ E and Latitudes 5° 25′ N and 6° 20′ N, the Volta Delta of Ghana covers an area of about 4562 km 2 (Appeaning Addo et al. Location In July 2015 flooding in Accra killed 25 people. Utility Conflicts ♦ 6. Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. ♦ Deck Drainage 10. The review covered: importance of highway drainage system in road construction, requirements of highway drainage system, and effects of bad drainage system on roads. 6) Large water bodies can be used for transportation eg. These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin. It has the following rivers as its tributaries: Black Volta, White Volta, Oti, Afram and Daka. The National Drainage and Irrigation Authority (NDIA) functions as Guyana’s apex organization dealing with all public matters pertaining to management, improvement, extension and provision of drainage, irrigation and flood control infrastructure and services in declared areas of … However, in Ghana, there are a few that might also serve as great spots to stop over and relax while you enjoy the view and rejuvenate. Learn more about the country of Ghana here. Water that over-accumulates in your yard may kill plants. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. WasteAid UK Associate David Lerpiniere discusses the importance of linking waste management with flood prevention. Major rivers of Ghana include the following; The Volta, River Tano, River Ankobra, River Pra and River Densu. System Plan ♦ 3. Gullies connect to drainage pipes beneath the ground surface and deep excavation is required to facilitate this system. These include among them the most famous lake in the region of Lake Volta and a number of supporting rivers key among them the Afram and Birim Rivers. Introduction Zongo communities are parts of deprived and marginalized communities in Ghana. By the beginning of the 1980s, Ghana's production dropped significantly from an average of more than 400,000 tonnes per year to a low of 270,000 tonnes between 1988-1990 (CRIG Handbook, 2010) [2]. This is the most important use of a good drainage system; it allows the free flow of water and in most cases prevents accumulation that can lead to flooding. For those applications proposing discharge of surface water into a sewer, it was frequently unclear whether this meant a combined or surface water sewer (mainly because detailed drainage plans were not available). Urban drainage management in Ghana 3) They collect and store excess water, hence minimizing the occurrence of flood. Geography . A drainage basin is naturally occurring drainage of land that channels precipitation and excess water to a river or stream. 5) They provide plankton and other foods for fishes and other aquatic animals. Thesis Advisor: Professor Diana Owen ABSTRACT There has been rapid technological development in Ghana over the past five years. Lake Bosomtwe and Lake Volta are the two main lakes in Ghana. One of the best benefits of having a drainage system installed, inside or outside, is that it can help prevent water damage and structural issues. Ships travel on the sea. Drainage systems can prevent water accumulation that can lead to flooding by directing the water away from your home. Design Criteria ♦ 4. A lake is a still water body surrounded by land from all sides except a side where it is fed by a river, stream or any other moving body of water. Since the colonial era many of the settlements of the area have developed in rural towns and even metropolitan areas.€€ Water bodies are perhaps the easiest way to tell if you’re still on track. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms. Storm Drains 1. Storm Drains 1. Many people are turned off by homes filled with garbage, piled … Ghana The Volta River and its basin forms the major drainage feature; it originates in the north along two widely dispersed branches and flows into the sea in the eastern part of the country near the Togolese border. The results of this study have revealed that the soil-forming factors considerably influence the distribution of physico-chemical properties in Ghana soils. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to … It is … Continue reading 1. The Minister of Works and Housing, Mr Samuel Atta Akyea, has called for more investment to be made in providing solutions to the current problems confronting the country’s drainage … To read more visit the Related Link. iii COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE IN GHANA: TECHNOLOGY’S INFLUENCE AND PROGRESS IN A NEW DIGITAL AGE Elaine A. Ayensu, B.A. Drainage options for the construction industry include: Point drainage, which intercepts water at gullies (points). Whilst it was not the only cause, poor solid waste management in the city made this problem […] The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. History Water is the most important compound ensuring life on Earth. Outfall Considerations and Features ♦ 5. Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. • An area where tourism is important 3.5 Energy • Describe the importance of non-renewable fossil fuels, renewable energy supplies, nuclear power and fuelwood; globally and in different countries at different levels of development Non-renewable fossil fuels including coal, oil and natural gas. 2) They provide fishes for humans. Among the tributaries of the Essequibo, the Potaro, the Mazaruni, and the Cuyuni drain the northwest, and the Rupununi drains the southern savanna. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. The river first flows south on entering Ghana, turns Accordant versus discordant drainage patterns. This is a list of rivers in Ghana.This list is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name. If you follow a small stream downhill, where do you think it will lead? drainage of surface water to a water body was often described in such a way that could be interpreted as sustainable. To better understand the geography of West Africa and how it drives land use, we briefly examine the geology, topography, hydrography, climate, and vegetation through these broad bioclimatic regions. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. These include the Akosombo Dam and Kpong Dam. Preliminary Concept Development ♦ Design Checklist ♦ 1. The country's rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins. The ACO S Channel Drainage System has been used extensively on airports worldwide including Kuwait, Dubai, Oman, Ghana, Johannesburg, Athens, Paphos Cyprus and Malta. Rivers carry water and nutrients to areas all around the earth. The S System consists of a one meter long polymer concrete channel with a cast iron rail incorporated and two ductile iron F900 kN gratings bolted to the unit eight times every meter to ensure security. The name “Guinea” is usually said to have been a corrupt form of the name Ghana picked up by the Portuguese. In addition, there are a number of coastal lagoons, the huge man-made Lake Volta, and Lake Bosumtwi, southeast of Kumasi and which has no outlet to the sea. • Stream definition – User may change minimum drainage area required to form the beginning of a stream – Determines size and number of subwatersheds • Outlets layer – User may input a layer of watershed outlets, used to specify desired outlet locations. All of these waterways are connected and rely on precipitation to flow properly. Ghana could have been a great tourist center but poor sanitation and drainage facilities prevent thousands of tourist yearly to visit the country. It is believed that the techniques used in these fields can be extended to studies in estate management, thereby making cross-fertilization of research ideas across Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. • Lake Volta: This is however artificial and a large reservoir contained behind the Akosombo dam to control the volume of water. ASPECTS IN SCHOOL BUILDING DESIGNS 2.1. Impacts of „Galamsey‟ on Drainage and Sanitation in the Mining Communities of Tarkwa, Ghana Ghana’s farming systems vary with agro-ecological zones. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. But how does the water that falls on the ground get to the stream or river? A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands. The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. FEATURES (CONT.) Design Criteria ♦ 4. As Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah said in 1963 to a meeting of the Organization of African Unity: "We shall drain marshes and swamps, clear infested areas, feed the under-nourished, and rid … 8. These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin. A drainage basin is an area of land where all precipitation that falls will drain or flow downhill into a specific stream. 2) They provide fishes for humans. Brain drain … Other smaller ones are the Dawhenya Dam, The Tono and Vea Dams. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms. An explosion at a petrol station, caused by the flooding, killed a further 150. • Human resources and Entrepreneurial Ability: The quality of labor may pose a serious constraint on the growth of income. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. • The hygiene features include proper water sanitation and drainage system at the school as well as hand washing station • Environmental-friendly features include small trees and plantation in area and in verandah 2. It is the largest and longest river in Ghana. e) Gulf of Guinea: Dams can be used to generate electricity, drinking water and for irrigation. Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. Habitats. The country's rivers drain into primarily three drainage basins. The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. The river with its tributaries cover about 67% of the... • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. 11.5 Causes of the drainage problem 11.6 Remedial measures to combat water-logging and salinity 11.7 Important drainage projects and a case study 12. Unstable soil will need to be stabilized, most likely through mechanical compaction, and at a potentially high price. Roads will affect the natural surface and subsurface drainage pattern of a watershed or individual hillslope. Examples of some Coastal lagoons are Korle lagoon, Songhor lagoon and Keta lagoon. There are a number of dams and ponds in Ghana. Efficient drainage system prevents flooding, hence loss of properties and lives and environmental disaster. Tilapia, salmon. But on roads the presence of water means mainly trouble. It is located near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region. Importance of Drainage Systems. d) LAGOONS: Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares borders with the three French-speaking nations of Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Togo to the east, and Burkina Faso (Burkina, formerly Upper Volta) to the north. Learning the advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your garden and the environment. The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. The study focuses on the impact of hydrological processes on the environment: flooding, erosion and sediments, urban drainage, salt water intrusion, drought and drought management and Environmental aspects of water resource projects. Therefore, water must not be allowed to develop sufficient volume or velocity so as to cause excessive wear along ditches, below culverts, or along exposed running surfa… Support for deep trenches is required in … World Facts Index > Ghana > Geography Map of Ghana. Eg. Guyana’s four main rivers—the Courantyne, Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo —all flow from the south and empty into the Atlantic along the eastern section of the coast. The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. ♦ Deck Drainage 10. Introduction ♦ Overview of Urban Drainage Design ♦ Overview of Storm Drain Design 2. Ghana.€€€ The industry is declining however.€€ In addition to agriculture trade and craft production are important to the people of the Northern zone. In July 2015 flooding in Accra killed 25 people. Preliminary Concept Development ♦ Design Checklist ♦ 1. Smaller rivers are River Bia, River Offin, River Birim, River Anum and River Ayensu. 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