[1][2] The system later struck Hainan Island with winds of 85 km/h (50 mph) before lessening to a tropical depression. ... 1974, Page 12 Buy Reprints. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. The storm came as the Philippines grapples with one of the worst coronavirus outbreaks in Southeast Asia, which complicated evacuations. The aircraft, using the call sign Swan 38, was sent to investigate Typhoon Bess after it passed over the Philippines and continued to the northwest. Kit developed on December 18th in the open Pacific. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Conditions were favorable enough for Mary to reach typhoon strength on the 18th, but it weakened to a tropical storm before hitting northeastern China on the 19th. The last of the year's 8 typhoons to hit the Philippines made landfall on November 28 as a 100 mph typhoon. The depression briefly moved back over water before dissipating in northern Vietnam on October 14. The storm re-intensified to a tropical storm in the South China Sea before dissipating on December 24th. Tracking quickly westward to west-northwestward in response to a strong subtropical ridge to the north, the system gradually organized, passing near … Typhoon Carmen caused sustained storm force winds in Hong Kong and 25 fatalities, with damage estimated at $13 million (1974 USD). from Manila to Baguio; 18 dead, 116 missing; many houses destroyed and fishing boats sunk 1971, May 24-30 - Typhoon Dinah affected northern coast of Samar and central Philippines; 13 dead, 44 missing, 6,500 . March is Fire Prevention Month in the Philippines. Classification and intensity values will be based on estimations conducted by the JMA, the JTWC, and/or PAGASA. On October 6, 1974, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) began monitoring a tropical disturbance several hundred miles southeast of Guam. It made 6 landfalls in the Visayas and Palawan and caused considerable damage to these regions. [7], Satellite image of Bess on October 8 displaying dual centers of circulation, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, List of retired Pacific typhoon names (JMA), "Meteorological Results: Part III – Tropical Cyclone Summaries", "Summary of Retired Typhoons in the Western North Pacific Ocean", "ASN Aircraft Accident: Lockheed WC-130H Hercules 65-0965 South China Sea", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Typhoon_Bess_(1974)&oldid=986519063, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 10:49. [2], While over the South China Sea on October 12, a United States Air Force WC-130H Hercules reconnaissance aircraft (call sign Swan 38),[8] with a crew of six, went missing while collecting data on the cyclone. The 1974 Pacific typhoon season was the only season on record to not feature a Super Typhoon. The Typhoon Committee has been holding one session annually since 1968 as specified in its Rules of Procedure. Coincidentally, it was again retired in 1982 when a powerful storm named Bess caused extensive damage and loss of life in Japan. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical … Though the center remained offshore, strong winds and high tides also impacted Hong Kong, causing minor flooding. It has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1974, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. The dissipating system emerged over the Gulf of Tonkin on October 14 and ultimately dissipated as it began moving ashore in northern Vietnam later that day. The name Bess was retired after this season. [1], Due to the interaction with the high terrain of northern Luzon, Bess temporarily weakened to a tropical storm before regaining typhoon strength over the South China Sea during the afternoon of October 11. When her predecessor, the Philippines’ Margie Moran, placed the glittery tiara on her head, Muñoz was a 20-year-old former secretary and aspiring movie actress from Malaga, Spain. 1966, May 11-22 - Typhoon Irma crossed Samar, N Leyte . These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. July 21, 1974. Due to an extreme impact in the Philippines, PAGASA later retired the name Wening and was replaced by Weling for the 1978 season. Damages and deaths from a storm will include when the storm was a precursor wave or an extratropical low. This was soon raised to level three as strong winds were expected to affect the area. 23 casualties and $21 million in damage can be attributed to 110 mph Typhoon Elaine hitting northern Luzon on October 27. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical … This table will list all the storms that developed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line and north of the equator during 1974. This is the same list used for the 1970 season. On October 6, 1974, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) began monitoring a tropical disturbance several hundred miles southeast of Guam.

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